Scientists at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) are seeking to obtain new information about the unknown 95 percent of the universe with the help of a new giant particle accelerator called the “Circular Collider of the Future (FCC)”, which will be built In Switzerland, Azernews
reports, citing foreign media.
Nuclear physicists have proposed building the world’s largest “supercollider” at CERN to discover new particles that will create a more complete picture of how the universe works.
If the proposal is accepted, the construction cost will rise to £17 billion. The future ring collider will reportedly be three times larger and much more advanced than CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC). CERN Director General Fabiola Gianotti described the new collider as a “beautiful machine”: “This is a tool that will allow humanity to make leaps and bounds in what we know about the universe. A more powerful tool is needed to answer certain questions “The discovery of these dark particles will open up a new, more complete theory about how the universe works.”
The first phase of the FCS, 91 kilometers long, will come into operation in 2040.
The creation of the FCC will be carried out in two stages. The first stage will be launched in the mid-2040s and will collide electrons. The second phase, starting in the 2070s, will require improved magnets, not yet invented, stronger than existing ones, and will search for new particles using heavier protons instead of electrons in the accelerator. The length of the FCC will be 91 kilometers, almost three times the length of the current collider, but it will be built at a depth of 200 meters. The reason for building deeper than the TANK is to prevent strong, high-energy radiation from reaching the surface.
Information is still not available on 95 percent of the universe.
According to scientists, the LHC, launched in 2008 and valued at £3.75bn, still cannot detect 95 per cent of the universe.
The Higgs boson was discovered by the Large Hadron Collider.
The LHC, currently the largest collider, is a 27-kilometer circular underground tunnel located near Geneva, on the Swiss-French border. In March 2013, during experiments carried out at the Large Hadron Collider, the Higgs boson was discovered, a subatomic particle considered one of the greatest mysteries in the universe. In an experiment conducted in October 2018, two new baryons were discovered and a hint of another particle was obtained.
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