World Cancer Day is celebrated on February 4 every year to promote awareness of the disease and provide support to those fighting it. Do you know which types of cancer account for the highest number of new cases in India, according to the latest estimates? According to estimates from the World Cancer Observatory for 2022, breast, cervical and oral cancers represented 32% of new cases in our country. In addition, cases of women exceeded those of men. In 2022, 1,92,020 new cases of breast cancer were reported, while the number of cervical cancer cases was 1,27,526. Oral cancer, which was the most common among men, recorded 1,07,812 new cases. Ovarian cancer, lung cancer and esophageal cancer were the other types that affected the country the most.
It originates in breast cells and can occur in both men and women. “Bumps, changes in the nipples, breast discharge (may be tinged with blood), knots (pulling the overlying skin inward like a dimple), and fullness in the armpits are some of the symptoms. common causes of breast cancer. If you have witnessed these changes recently, you should consult a doctor immediately. While home breast self-exams cannot replace a medical check-up, they are still very useful in finding any abnormalities or changes in your breast. Here’s how to perform a self-exam to detect breast cancer.
According to the World Health Organization, long-term infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer. “Persistent HPV infection of the cervix (the lower part of the uterus or womb, which opens into the vagina, also called the birth canal) if left untreated, causes 95% of cervical cancers,” according to the WHO website. While it takes 15 to 20 years for abnormal cells to develop into cancer, in women with weakened immune systems the process will be faster. Below we explain how to detect it in time.
Oral cancer, also known as mouth cancer or oral cavity cancer, are cancerous diseases that begin anywhere in the mouth. According to the World Health Organization, it is the thirteenth most common cancer worldwide. “Oral cancer is more common in men and older people, more deadly in men than women, and varies greatly depending on socioeconomic circumstances. Tobacco, alcohol and areca nut (betel quid) consumption are among the leading causes of oral cancer,” the WHO website says. Here’s how to spot oral cancer symptoms early.